“In order not to repeat the history of Chun Doo-hwan… “Professor Seo Joong-seok, who compiles the dictionary for the democratization movement.

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The 20th anniversary of the Democratization Movement Commemoration Association started pre-compiling the democratization movement
The goal of ‘web dictionary’ aimed at the generation after democratization
“Chun’s death coup d’etat, teach me a lesson that bloodshed should never happen again”
The scope of the democratization movement should be expanded to include labor, women, and the unification movement.

Seo Joong-seok, chairman of the dictionary compilation of the Democratization Movement, is interviewed at his home in Seocho-gu, Seoul on the morning of the 18th. By Shin So-young, staff reporter [email protected]

“The target audience of this dictionary is the generation born after democratization.” Seo Joong-seok (73), professor emeritus of history at Sungkyunkwan University, who served as the chairperson of the dictionary compilation for the democratization movement, summarized the purpose of the dictionary compilation in one word. Chairman Seo said, “In the past, adults in the 70s and 80s used to say to the students who were working for the democratization movement, ‘Can we hold a protest without knowing the horrors of war? i think it shouldn’t be done It is now necessary to deliver history based on facts and truth.” Celebrating the 20th anniversary of this year, the Democratization Movement Commemoration Association announced on the 18th that it would start working on a compilation of the ‘Democracy Movement Dictionary’, a compilation of research achievements and activities. The dictionary is a project that bundles information and stories on major events, figures, and groups in the history of the Korean democratization movement from the April Revolution of 1960 to the uprising in June 1987 in a dictionary format and provides an online service from 2022. Chairman Seo and the editorial committee have held 17 meetings since July last year to determine the cases to be recorded in advance and to set the standards for the democratization movement, etc. I met Chairman Seo at his home in Seocho-gu, Seoul on the 18th, and heard about the dictionary compilation through the phone on the 24th, the day after Chun Doo-hwan’s death. Regarding Chun, who died on the 23rd, Chairman Seo said, “It is a great sin from history that can never be erased for trampling on the democratization movement and causing a horrific situation in Gwangju. He was a person who challenged democracy and humanism head-on.” “It is a pity that such a person who once possessed national power is subject to such criticism. I think this is the most vivid example of learning from history. I think it gives a lesson that there should never be a coup d’état and bloodshed by people like Chun Doo-hwan again.” Regarding the controversy over President Roh Tae-woo’s head of state not long ago, he said, “The government made a careless choice.” It is difficult to distinguish it from Chun Doo-hwan.” Chairman Suh said that content that is controversial about modern history and the ‘present’ of anti-democratic figures can also be included in the dictionary. Not only does it remain in the records of the past, but it can also reflect the issues that continue to be debated in the present. He said, “It is something that the Compilation Committee should discuss, but for example, the contents of the trial, such as the Supreme Court ruling on Chun Doo-hwan, and follow-up studies could be included as an item in the background to understand the Gwangju Uprising.” It is said that the most difficult question was how far to view the democratization movement while preparing the dictionary. When you think of the democratization movement, you think of the ‘anti-dictatorship struggle’, but Chairman Seo said, “We need to expand the scope of the democratization movement to understand it.” “For example, the labor movement was intensively managed by the Central Intelligence Agency, and was monitored and suppressed as much as the student movement. All struggles against the oppression of authoritarian regimes should be viewed as democratization movements.” Chairman Suh said, “In the face of facts and truth, slander, slander, and delusions are bound to weaken. waiting for it I hope our dictionary can play a role in the middle.”

Seo Joong-seok, chairman of the Dictionary of Democratization Movement, has an interview with the Hankyoreh at his home in Seocho-gu, Seoul on the morning of the 18th.  By Shin So-young, staff reporter viator@hani.co.kr

Seo Joong-seok, chairman of the dictionary compilation of the Democratization Movement, is interviewed at his home in Seocho-gu, Seoul on the morning of the 18th. By Shin So-young, staff reporter [email protected]

Reporter Park Kang-soo [email protected]



Reference-www.hani.co.kr

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