High school credit system and punctuality expansion are contradictory like ‘warm ice coffee’


Yoo Eun-hye, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education, visits Wansan High School, Jeonju Jeonju, a leading high school credit system, and watches students take classes on the 23rd. Provided by the Ministry of Photography

“The current college admission system, which is based on the high school credit system and the expansion of the on-time basis, creates a dissonance like ‘warm ice americano.’ The high school credit system is the best fit for the current college admissions system, with the regular admissions general admissions system. It is difficult to match the high school credit system with the multiple-choice college scholastic ability test (SAT) or the student department’s course selection, where grades are important. According to the Ministry of Education (hereinafter, case book), a teacher at a high school credit system research school said, “If students choose a small number of subjects with confidence despite the academic burden, the university should fully recognize it, but the academic class was the only one.” said The high school credit system, which the Moon Jae-in administration has decided to introduce partially from 2023 and fully from 2025, is inconsistent with the entrance exam system, raising concerns even before its implementation. This is because the government does not show the will to resolve the contradiction that promotes the high school credit system while expanding the deadline, and the burden of the contradiction is solely borne by the school, students, and parents. While the Ministry of Education pushed for the high school credit system, it again reduced the proportion of classes that could keep the purpose of it. It is recommended that 16 universities in Seoul, where the ratio of academic and essay-oriented admissions is 45% or more, raise the on-time admission rate by 40% or more by 2023, for the reason of strengthening the fairness of college admissions after the “fatherland crisis” in 2019. As a result, the proportion of classes at these universities dropped by 11.4 percentage points from an average of 45.6% in the 2021 academic year to 34.2% in the 2023 academic year. The high school credit system must change the curriculum, evaluation method, and entrance exam system into a bundle, and by now, there should be a coherent prospect that ties them together. Another problem is that, due to the ‘40% on-time rule’, high school classes are regressing to the past SAT problem-solving education that does not fit the high school credit system. In a policy booklet published last month by Democratic Party lawmaker Kang Deuk-gu, high school teachers pointed out that “expansion of regular hours is the main culprit in losing the innovation engine in high school education, which is the establishment of the 2015 revised curriculum and the creation of the foundation for the high school credit system.” In general high schools in non-metropolitan areas, which have mainly sent students to major universities by academic discipline, the high school credit system is even more concerned. Even the Ministry of Education casebook contains concerns from a local high school principal, saying, “There are many points of concern for general high schools in small and medium-sized cities because major universities in Seoul, which are highly preferred by students, are expanding the schedule.” The repeated overheating of private education every time educational policy changes was ‘predicted’. Even if the high school credit system is fully introduced in 2025, the common subjects taught by first-year students will still remain as relative evaluations that include rank grades, and private education may increase centered on common subjects. The Ministry of Education is planning to announce the ‘Future-type College Admissions’ for the 2028 school year that reflects the expansion of the achievement evaluation system in February 2024 (elective subjects except for common subjects are converted to a 5-stage absolute evaluation without rank grades), but the education community is more concerned than expected. An official from the Ministry of Education said, “The evaluation system does not distort subject selection and may have side effects such as inflating the results after the expansion of achievement evaluation. In this regard, Gyeonggi-do education policy advisor Jeon Kyung-won said, “As long as common subjects remain relative, excessive competition is inevitable.” Education authorities should not allow this to undermine the essence of education.”

It is pointed out that even with a slight fluctuation in the percentage of regular and occasional hours, the school field is very chaotic, and the education authorities’ perception is too far from the field. Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education Yoo Eun-hye on the 24th, at a briefing on the main points of the ‘2022 Revision Curriculum’ on the premise of the full introduction of the high school credit system, said, “An innovative curriculum revision is foreshadowed to the extent that it is difficult to reflect the current CSAT.” It is difficult to say in detail right now, but it is not a problem that can be solved by adjusting the on-time and on-time ratio.” The ‘plan’ for future college admissions is expected to be prepared in the first half of 2023. A prerequisite as important as solving the ‘admission equation’ corresponding to the high school credit system is securing high-quality teachers to meet the demands of students in various subjects. Researchers at the Korea Educational Development Institute and Korea National University of Education predicted that 88,106 additional teachers would be needed in all subjects compared to the present if ideal conditions such as 12 hours of teaching hours per week for teachers and 14 students per class were applied. Even when the conditions closest to reality (15.1 hours per week, 24.5 students per class) were applied, there was a shortage of teachers in society (865 people) and technical families (675 people). The high school credit system without sufficient teacher reinforcement does not simply end with an overload of teachers, but can lead to a decline in the quality of education. The Ministry of Education regards the fact that the number of elective subjects for students has increased by 34% compared to before the introduction of the research school as an achievement so far. As a result of a survey of 84 high school credit system research schools in July last year, the average number of subjects increased from 30.2 subjects to 40.6 subjects. However, this is the result of the existing teachers being overly responsive to the increased demand for subjects. In a survey conducted in July of last July by the entire teaching staff of the research and leading school branch presidents and 548 people in charge, 91.3% of the total responded that ‘there are teachers who are in charge of three or more subjects’. 27.7% of the respondents answered that ‘there is a teacher who is in charge of more than 4 subjects’. A new teacher supply and demand plan that reflects the high school credit system and reduction in the number of students per class is expected to come out in the first half of next year. The Ministry of Education announced that it will apply a new supply standard that takes into account the demand for teachers in the high school credit system, such as increase in open courses, academic design, and guidance for uncompleted courses, to supply and demand future teachers. In April, a bill was also proposed to utilize out-of-school experts with doctoral degrees or higher as part-time teachers for subjects not currently opened in high schools. However, the opposition from teachers’ organizations, which has focused on the expansion of regular teachers first, is not strong. In such a situation, if the high school credit system is introduced prematurely, the educational gap between rural students, who have difficulties in securing teachers and instructors, could only widen further. In fact, at a high school in Gyeongsangbuk-do, it was difficult enough to change instructors 4 times in one semester. The school guaranteed transportation expenses as much as possible, but the distance was too long to do anything about. A teacher at a leading high school credit system in Jeonbuk said, “The Ministry of Education speaks as if the online joint curriculum is universal, but in the two years since COVID-19, the limitations of distance learning have been clearly realized. We cannot be locked up,” he demanded for stronger support. An official from the Ministry of Education said, “In order for the high school credit system to be implemented without regional differences, teachers need to be distributed nationwide, so we are thinking about this part while preparing a new teacher supply plan.” By Lee Yoo-jin, staff reporter [email protected]

With one year left before the government, the introduction time was advanced, causing ‘rebellion’
[문재인 정부 5년간 뭐했나]

It is pointed out that the biggest responsibility for the high school credit system is that the government, which has been sluggish in promoting the high school credit system throughout his tenure, is the most responsible for the high school credit system. The high school credit system was selected as one of the representative educational promises of the Moon Jae-in government along with the transition to the absolute evaluation system for the university scholastic ability test. The purpose was to overhaul the current high school education system, which has lined up students according to national, English, and water test scores and test scores. However, in August 2018, a year after the government took office, the Ministry of Education announced the ‘2022 college admission reform plan’ and gave up the conversion to the absolute CSAT evaluation system, and once again increased the on-time admission rate to 30% or more at each university (additionally expanded to 40% or more in 2019) ) made recommendations. At the same time, the full introduction of the high school credit system has been postponed from 2022 to 2025. At the time, critics said, “The full introduction was after the current government’s term, so it became a promise that could not be kept.” Then, in November 2019, the high school credit system was introduced as one of the ‘general high school competency strengthening measures’, but the scope of the introduction of the achievement evaluation system was still incomplete. In February of this year, the Ministry of Education announced the ‘High School Credit System Comprehensive Promotion Plan’ containing the contents of expanding the achievement evaluation system to general elective subjects. He had one year left in his term of office. It seems to start at the end of the government, but when the introduction period was pushed back by two years and the high school credit system was partially applied from the first year of high school in 2023, this time, opposition from the parents of the current first and second year middle school students grew stronger. Gyeonggi Province Education Policy Advisor Jeon Gyeong-won criticized, “The purpose of the high school credit system itself may be overshadowed by ‘noting the subject selection’ due to relative evaluation. Regarding this, an official from the Ministry of Education said, “The ‘nailing’ is a misunderstanding. The decision was made under the judgment that it will be prepared to a certain extent.” Among teachers who are in favor of the introduction of the high school credit system, voices are growing that the ‘friend’ is disappearing. In a recent interview, Kim Young-sik, co-representative of the Good Teachers Movement, said, “The existing position that the high school credit system will contribute to creating a curriculum in which all children are not left behind in learning and growth has not changed. It is true that antipathy and resistance to the high school credit system itself has increased in the field as only the implementation schedule was announced one after another,” he said. “Teachers at research and leading schools who have experienced the high school credit system in advance are more opposed to the introduction in 2023. Because we know that if we hurry, we will have no choice but to repeat the current chaos.” By Lee Yoo-jin, staff reporter [email protected]


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