A delivery driver is riding a motorcycle on a road in Mapo-gu, Seoul on the afternoon of the 1st. By Kim Hye-yoon, staff reporter [email protected]
It has been found that the number of platform workers who make a living by getting jobs such as delivery, surrogate driving, and housekeeping services through online platforms has tripled compared to last year. The number of platform workers, which accounted for only 0.92% of the total employed last year, reached 660,000, or 2.6% of the total employed this year. Among them, 502,000 were overwhelmingly in delivery, delivery and driving services. According to the report on ‘Platform Workers’ Scale and Working Conditions’ released by the Korea Employment Information Service on the 18th, “For the past 3 months, we have been able to get jobs through mediation and mediation of online platforms such as smartphone apps and websites, and provide services to customers. There were 2,197,000 people who worked on the ‘broad meaning’ platform, who had earned income by providing it. This is equivalent to 8.5% of the 25,885,000 employed aged between 15 and 69. However, it is difficult to see them as platform workers in the strict sense of the word, as this includes 1454,000 people employed by ’employers’ through job search apps or websites such as part-timers, part-timers, and part-timers. This is because, in general, a person who directly intermediaries remuneration and provides labor to a platform where transactions are coordinated in an algorithmic way is considered a platform worker. After excluding them, the remaining ‘consultation’ platform workers amounted to 661,000, or 2.6% of those aged 15 to 69. Last year, when the Korea Labor Institute estimated the number of employed 15-64 year-olds, the number was 220,000, which is more than three times higher than 0.92% of the total employed.
Among them, 312,000 people, or 47.2%, whose platform work was their ‘main job’ (platform job income of 50% or more or 20 hours or more of work a week) was found to be 47.2%, and a side job (39.5%, 25-50% of total income or There were also a lot of people who worked 10 to 20 hours a week) or intermittently participated (13.3%, less than 25% of total income, or less than 10 hours a week). It was found that the main job was 46.3 hours a week, the side job was 10.9 hours, and the intermittent participant worked 3.6 hours. By industry, delivery, delivery, and driving accounted for 502,000 (75.9%) of the overwhelming majority. It seems that the number of food delivery platform workers has increased significantly due to the revitalization of the non-face-to-face economy after Corona 19. Among them, 50.2% of the participants had a main occupation, half of them, 35.0% had a side job, and 14.8% of the participants were intermittent. Housekeeping, cleaning, and care services accounted for about 20,000 people and simple tasks such as data entry were about 31,000. While housework, cleaning, and care services had many main occupations, ‘simple tasks such as data input’ had the largest number of side jobs. Intermittent participation type – main occupation type appeared in the order. Professional services such as interpretation and translation, instructors, and counseling, with more than 53,000 employees, also appeared in the order of side job type, full-time type, and intermittent participation type. It can be seen that even in the same platform labor, there is a large variation depending on the type of work in each industry. Regarding the procedure for platform workers to change the contract after signing a contract, 47.2% of the platform workers unilaterally decide and notify. 39.7% of the respondents were notified in advance or asked for their opinions before the change. The proportion of respondents who said that there were rules and regulations set by the platform was 41%, and the disadvantages inflicted when they were violated were temporary app blocking and suspension of work allowances at 83.4%, and contract/registration termination at 58.8%.
The report stated, “In order to provide adequate social protection to platform workers, the heterogeneity of platform workers should be fully taken into account, and support for ‘main-type workers’ with high income dependence and poor working conditions for platform workers should be given priority.” . This study estimated the size according to the ratio of the total economically active population based on the results of a sample survey of 501 people aged 15 to 69 who were randomly selected according to the population proportion by gender, age, and region from August to September. will be. By Park Tae-woo, staff reporter [email protected]