[사실은] Korea, who went all-in on ‘Urea Su’ to China… other countries?

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Our economy is shaking due to the shortage of urea.

This is because, as is known, it has become difficult to import urea from China. Urea is produced by extraction from coal or natural gas. China has practically stopped exporting urea as its country runs out of coal amid a conflict over the issue of Australian coal. In Korea, there are a lot of diesel cars, so the damage is particularly great. Urea water is essential for nitrogen oxide reduction systems for diesel vehicles, and since most trucks are diesel vehicles, if this condition continues, the worst logistics disruption is inevitable.

Naturally, criticism of excessive reliance on ‘made in China’ arose. In fact, making the number of elements does not require a high level of skill. There were urea producers in Korea as well, but as they were pushed by China’s price competitiveness, urea producers disappeared around 2013.

Specifically, we fact-checked how highly dependent we are on China and how it compares to other countries.

in fact

How does Korea’s dependence on imports compare to foreign countries?

Urea water incident (Photo=Yonhap News)

In fact, it would be first to figure out how much urea is produced by country, but it was difficult to find official data on urea production by country. There were estimates, but it was difficult to see them as official sources. I also asked the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, and he said, “In many countries, statistics are not calculated because there is no special need for statistics on urea production.”

However, by using the UN’s trade statistics database ‘UN Comtrade’, it was possible to grasp the status of imports and exports of elements between countries.

According to the United Nations Comtrade, the global urea import and export volume was estimated to be $13.523 billion in 2020. That’s 16 trillion won in our money. The country that exports the most is by far China, with $1.636 billion last year. As of January-September of this year, 47.5% of China’s urea exports went to India, with 14% the second-largest export to Korea.

In fact, the team analyzed the world’s top 20 element importers in 2020 based on the same data. The size of imports, the largest import-reliant countries by importing country of the 20 major factors, and the proportion of the largest-reliant countries in the total amount of imports are arranged in order.

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Reference-news.sbs.co.kr

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