Learn about the causes and treatment of fear of heights


02:00 am

Saturday 06 November 2021

I wrote – Shaima Morsi

Acrophobia is an intense fear, anxiety and panic of heights, and some research suggests that acrophobia may be one of the most common types of phobias.

In this regard, we review the causes, causes and treatment of fear of heights, according to the “healthline” website.


Physical symptoms of acrophobia include:

Increased sweating, chest pain or tightness, and increased heart rate when seeing or thinking about high places.

Feeling sick or dizzy when seeing or thinking about heights.

Vibration and tremor.

You feel dizzy or like you’re falling or losing your balance when you look up at a height or down from a height.

Psychological symptoms can include:

Feeling panicked at seeing heights or thinking about having to go uphill.

Intense fear of falling into a height.

Feeling very anxious and afraid when you have to climb stairs.

Excessively anxious.

What are the reasons for that?

Acrophobia sometimes develops in response to a traumatic experience that involves heights, such as:

Falling from a high place.

Watching someone else fall from a high place.

Having a panic attack or other negative experience while at a height.

How is it diagnosed?

Phobias, including acrophobia, can only be diagnosed by a mental health professional, and they will likely start by asking you to describe what happens when you encounter heights.

In general, acrophobia is diagnosed if you:

Spend a lot of time worrying about encountering heights.

You find that this time you spend worrying begins to affect your daily life.

You react with immediate fear and anxiety when faced with heights.

How is it treated?

Phobias do not always require treatment, and for some people avoiding the feared object is relatively easy and does not have much effect on their daily activities, but if you find that your fears prevent you from doing things you want or need to do, such as visiting a friend who lives upstairs, therapy may help. Treatments include:

Exposure treatment:

Exposure therapy is one of the most effective treatments for specific phobias. In this type of therapy, your therapist will slowly expose you to what you fear.

For acrophobia, you might start by looking at pictures from someone’s point of view inside a tall building, and you could watch videos of people crossing tightropes, climbing, or crossing narrow bridges.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT):

In CBT, you’ll work with a therapist to challenge negative thoughts about heights.

– Medicine:

There are no medications designed to treat phobias. However, some medications can help treat symptoms of panic and anxiety, such as:

Beta-blockers: These medications help by keeping blood pressure and heart rate at steady rates and reducing other physical symptoms of anxiety.

Benzodiazepines: These medications are sedatives and can help reduce symptoms of anxiety.


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